Celesio Merger arbitrage “Post mortem”
So roughly 10 days after the first failed attempt, Haniel today announced that they have an agreement with both, McKesson and Elliott and that Haniel will sell for 23,50 EUR per share to McKesson.
What happened in between ? Elliott, after the failed attempt further increased its stake to 32% (including convertibles).
In a second step, Elliott sold its stake for an undisclosed price to Haniel, which then in turn sold the 75% plus stake to McKesson at the initial 23,50 EUR.
This structure achieved the following goals:
– Elliott got more than 23,50 EUR
– McKesson does not have to pay more than 23,50 EUR
The “Looser” is clearly Haniel, which will have proceeds lower than 23,50 EUR per share. A friend of mine argued that most likely Haniel paid 24,50 EUR which would roughly equal the initial 23 EUR per share. If this is that case, then we would have the paradox outcome, that the majority owner got the lowest price, the minority a little bit more and the Hedgefund the most.
This is something to keep in mind for potential future merger arbitrage deals: The minority shareholders might not get the same deal as the activist shareholder, at least in the cases where a majority shareholder is selling. In this case, the minority holders got a 50 cent better price than the initial bid, but I could imagine scenarios where there is also the risk of a lower bid.
Interestingly, the stocks jumped today over 25 EUR, I guess some people are already speculating on a compensation payment following the Profit & loss transfer agreement which is the logical next step after the purchase.
Personally, I don’t think that there is a lot of upside, but who knows ? In any case, I think Elliott played that one pretty well for themselves. In any case, this is a hard blow to JP Morgan as M&A advisor to Haniel.
There could be open questions if the whole deal could be interpreted as “acting in concert” between Elliott, Haniel and McKesson. In this case, the bid for all shareholders would need to be increased to the price paid from Haniel to Elliott. I have no idea how likely that is and would not bet on this either.