Tekmar PLC – Hidden “Off-shore” Champion or Cheap for a reason ?
At a very first glance, Tekmar Plc, a AIM listed UK company looks like a very interesting “hidden Champion”:
The company is active in a very attractive market: their main business is to provide sub sea protection systems for cables with its biggest entity providing this service to the fast growing off-shore wind farm market.
In addition, Tekmar claims to have 75% market share. the combination of a company providing an essential, relatively small ticket item to a large installation with a dominating market share makes many investors water their mouths I guess.
Even more mouthwatering looks their chart from the 2020 annual report (from August 2020):
A 25,2% CAGR in top line is really attractive. And it gets even better:
At a current market cap of around 26 mn GPB, the trailing P/E is ~13 and the company has no debt. On top, the stock trades significantly below book value. What is not to like ?
Reasons why the stock is cheap:
As always, I try to find reasons why the stock is cheap and if I might have a different view.
A first warning sign is the stock chart:
Since its IPO in 2018, Tekmar has lost around 2/3 of its value. This could be either a total misunderstanding from investors or things are not as great as they look like.
Gross margins /EBITDA/EBIT margins:
What we can see from the growth chart is that gross margins are relatively slim and have been declining significantly since 2018 when they IPOed in 2018. Especially all the growth in the FY 2020 (which ends on March 31, so little Covid Impact) has not translated into higher profits. Even Adjusted EBITDA fell. The high point of absolute adjusted EBitda had been reached shortly before the IPO at around half the sales they are doing now. The problem seems to be mainly the “non wind farm” business which grew quickly (supported by acquisitions) but is not profitable. The segment reporting is not easy to read because group eliminations are ~80% of net profit. This kind of intransparency is always a topic.
Overall the profit margin were never that great but have been significantly eroding even in the core wind farm business.
One of the big factors depressing net margins seem to have been salaries which increased by more than 50% from 2019 to 2020.
Order book / work in progress assets
Tekmar shows a quite innovative order book reporting. Their headline number is what they call an “Enquiry book”. the actual order book at the end of the FY was only 10 mn GBP. This is a number I do not understand. Especially wind parks are long term projects with long lead times. I would have expected a much larger order book. Vestas for instance has an order book of 150% of 2020 sales on their turbines alone compared to only 25% of annual sales for Tekmar.
What I also don’t understand how 225 mn in enquiries translate into 40 mn sales and 10 mn order book and they still claim to have a 74% market share. Even if they see all the enquiries, the majority of the business seems to go elsewhere.
Another topic which makes the numbers hard to read is the fact that the company books significant “Work in progress” assets, which amounted to ~15 mn GBP at the end of FY 2020 or ~40% of sales.
The missing CEO
Finally, this smart looking guy, James Ritchie has been a “founder” of the company and CEO since the IPO:
However a few months ago in October, Tekmar announced that the Chairman of the board will take over the CEO role.
According to an article, they seem to be looking for a new CEO since then and following his Linkedin profile Mr. Ritchie is now rich enough to do investments with his own money.
He seems to be quite young, when the company Ipoed in 2018 he was called “Baby Boss” by the British press. According to the IPO prospectus at the tender age of 19 as a director. Digging a little bit deeper, it seems that his father seem to have run Tekmar in the early days, then split up but sold a company back to his son James.:
Tekmar’s CEO is 28-year-old James Ritchie, who led the management buyout of the company in 2011 when he was just 21.
Now Tekmar Group – which floated on AIM in June – has announced its intention to acquire Subsea Innovation Ltd for £4m from its founder Gary Ritchie-Bland, subject to shareholder approval, in a move to trigger growth as the firm’s capitalise on their complementary client bases and expertise.
Why he left is anyone’s guess. Maybe it has to do with the fact that Tekmar’s earnings didn’t hit the performance hurdle for the options granted to him during the IPO which were tied to the 2020 result.
Although top-line “only” shrank by around -15% (due to an acquisition), profits more or less disappeared and the company showed a loss. Again a hint that the business model is not super solid.
18 months financial year
Another “Nice one” seems that for some reason they decided to extend the current business year to 18 months. This is from the half year report:
Outlook for the remainder of FY 2021
The Group’s full year results for the 18 months ending 30 September 2021 (“FY 2021”) will be dependent on
the speed at which the markets in which we operate recover from the pandemic. As delays to contract timings
have had, and continue to have, a significant impact on the Group’s financial performance, we do not intend
to reinstate guidance on financial performance until visibility on the timing of contract awards returns
My guess is that the maybe want to show another FY with growth even if it takes them 18 months to achieve it.
The recent drop in the share price seems to have been triggered by Orsted announcing that they had issues with their subsea cable protection systems in 10 wind parks, costing around 400 mn EUR. Tekmar thinks that they don’t have any issues with this, but shareholders seem to have some doubts.
The company presents itself as a “tech company”. This is the slogan from the web site:
“Working together to provide leading technology and services to the global offshore energy markets.”
However R&D is only 0,3 mn, both in 2019 and 2020. My suspicion is that Tekmar in the end is “only” a plastics maker with very little pricing power if the prices of their inputs go up.
At this stage I have identified already a couple of significant factors that explain why the stock is “cheap”. My main issues are a not so attractive business model, growth that did not turn into profits (bad capital allocation) and the exit of the long time CEO. Therefore I’ll stay at the sidelines and “pass” on this stock.
So company has given up after interim earnings and tries to sell itself….-85% since I wrote the post.
there was a reason for it being cheap…
Ouch: Profit warning from Tekmar:
One thing to check is whether there are some serious funds backing the operation. I recall, at least here in the US, there are sometimes companies with horrible looking financials and zero business activity that are essentially building out infrastructure for the future (with help from PE and hedge funds). One company I recall is Cheniere Energy which was building terminals in Louisiana to ship liquid natural gas overseas – financials looked like a bankrupt company but lot of hedge funds backed the idea – and once the terminals where completed the business and stock took off. The lesson I learned is that when deep pockets are funding a project, financials don’t tell the whole story.
Thx for the comment. For the record: I covered Cheniere in 2015 … https://valueandopportunity.com/2015/02/17/why-on-earth-is-seth-klarman-investing-17-bn-usd-in-cheniere-energy-lng-at-7x-pb/
Excellent analysis back then! There are situations like Cheniere that I call “New York Hedge Fund Trades,” which are trades that every NY area hedge fund has a piece of (I recall Icahn and others also involved in supporting Cheniere). Although I didn’t invest or short Cheniere I learned that sometimes these deep pocketed cabals can keep a company going despite the ugly looking financials!
LOL, I own this thing. Shouldn’t have passed my own checklist even without going to this virtuoso level of due diligence. I guess I got mesmerised by an AIM growth story that doesn’t actively burn money. Thanks for the heads up!
Well, share price is rising since publishing the post. So Investors seem to have a different opinion.
Some paper looked at what happens to price when a stock is on CNBC (or some such), and found stuff typically goes up regardless of positive/negative story. Makes sense: buying is easier than selling. It’s particularly true here: AIM is hard to short at the best of times, it got harder recently (IG withdrew from the smaller cap end of the market recently) and it is against the prevalent mood.
Anyone can buy the bull case (CEO replacement possibly a positive! renewables exposure! price weakness!) and only existing holders like me can sell (and it took me a couple of hours to get over the disposal effect). Anyway amusing side story, but maybe let’s not read too much out of a few percent move in an illiquid market.
Sound analysis and an easy let go.
Additionally, the >15% CAGR (in big letters of course) is for GW, if turbines get bigger, producing more GW per turbine (which I guess is the case) cables and needed protection should grow less